Outline of European History, Over-Simplified

The traditional division is into eras: Ancient (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic eras; Bronze Age, Iron Age); Classical (Greece and Rome), Medieval (Post-Roman Antiquity; Carolingian Era [Charlemagne]; Post-Carolingian Era [Viking and other European invasions -- Anglo-Saxons; Normans; High Middle Ages; Late Middle Ages;  Modern Era (beginning with Renaissance; continuing with Reformation; Baroque Era; Age of Empires; Colonialism; Revolutions;... Continue Reading →

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American History from European Perspective Offers New Insights

Studying European history, an American can gather new insights into American history. A few insights I have gathered so far: Without the ability to deport or encourage hundreds of thousands of dissidents, malcontents, criminals, rugged individualists, and religious fanatics to leave their home countries for North America, Europe would have exploded into hopeless centuries of... Continue Reading →

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Watch “Once Upon A Time In Paris,” Music of Edward Satie, Paintings of Édouard Cortès

"Erik Satie - Gymnopédie No.1.," published in Paris starting in 1888, along with the paintings of French post-impressionist Édouard Cortès. "The French composer and pianist Satie was introduced as a "gymnopedist" in 1887, shortly before writing his most famous compositions, the Gymnopédies. Later, he also referred to himself as a "phonometrograph" or "phonometrician" (meaning "someone... Continue Reading →

‘Princes of Ireland’ Historical Fiction

The Princes of Ireland, by Edward Rutherfurd covers 17 centuries of Irish history, from the druids of  300 A.D., before St. Patrick brought Christianity to the island, to the Protestant Reformation in the mid-16th century. I was enchanted at first, but frankly found it a long read requiring a great deal of endurance. Drill Deeper:... Continue Reading →

Charlemagne, the Saxons, and Germany

Charlemagne was one of the great kings of medieval Europe. He was coronated by the pope in 800 A.D. and spread the faith of Christianity by sword and conversion. Charlemagne, therefore, is controversial, but this 30-minute video tells his story quickly. Ryan M. Reeves (PhD Cambridge) is Assistant Professor of Historical Theology at Gordon-Conwell Theological... Continue Reading →

Scottish Ancestors’ Religious History: Druids, Celtic Spirituality, Recusants, John Knox & Cross-eyed Archibald

I have often wondered how my Scottish ancestors evolved religiously, from druidism and mysticism to Celtic spirituality, to Christianity, and conversion by St. Columba to embracing a more formal Roman Catholicism. St. Columba, Apostle to the Picts. Then in the 1500s, they were likely swept up in the Protestant Reformation, a reaction against corruption in... Continue Reading →

500 Years Later, Assessing the Impact of Martin Luther’s Famous Break With the Catholic Church

Five hundred years after Saxon priest Martin Luther declared 95 Theses or complaints against the Catholic Church, resulting in his excommunication, the media is full of assessments of what this means for us today. Professor Andrew Pettegree, an expert on the Reformation from the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, told Time magazine;  "There’s been a fair... Continue Reading →

How Accurate Are Genealogical Records?

My DNA analysis suggests Swedes, Vikings, Northern and Southern European, including from the Iberian Peninsula in my ancient past. And about one percent of my DNA comes from sub-Saharan Africa. My oldest recorded Buie ancestor, Archibald Buie, was born on Jura in 1640. But according to Ancestry.com records, he died in Midlothia (Edinburgh, rather far... Continue Reading →

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